The Composite Force of the
call the radiometer force a composite force as it includes the deceleration of
the rarefied gas molecules in transferring molecular momentum to give the net
acceleration of the radiometer vanes. After the transfer of molecular
momentum the rarefied gas molecules become a dead weight until
re-energized. My testing is in a partial vacuum of
100 to 300 microns. I use a 60w halogen light focused on various weight
aluminum strips with carbon black on one side. The strips were holed to freely
move on a horizontal rod.
the weightier strips, after a little back and forth movement, the strips would
bind on the rod. Yet I observed a 0.002 gm, 1 cm strip, holed on
one end to hang on the rod, that the strip moved first with agitation and then
energetically around and along the rod. Though a small mass,
I found the centrifugal motion could also have a directional
(Note: this would tend to confirm Cooks original observations. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crookes_radiometer
, 2nd paragraph.)
(Note: this would tend to confirm Cooks original observations. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crookes_radiometer , 2nd paragraph.)
limited equipment I do not take the testing further. As a proposal for
testing I would next use a test "apparatus" with the
"surfaces" fixed to a
light weight rod. The rod suspended at the ends with fine wires. This test
would determine if the net force could be directed to propel such a light weight
The forward movement would be limited by the mounting. Yet I feel the confirmation of a forward movement could open a possibility the application of a net force might cause the acceleration of a body by using the inertia of a body itself (rather than the earth) as the "accelerative base".
fuller explanation of the radiometer could require studying the radiometer as an
accelerative process. The study would include the initial energizing of the gas
molecules and the deceleration phase of the
rarefied gas molecules to give the resulting macro vane acceleration.
It would explore the implied high molecular velocities across the vanes. It
would explore why there seems little offsetting back force in the net macro
acceleration. The study would explore the efficiency of the transfer of
molecular momentum to macro vane and harness momentum.
the radiometer composite force, using vane and harness inertia as the base,
could be capturing most of the molecular momentum to reach, in a well balance radiometer, 2000 to 3000 rpm.
my paper, http://accelerativeprocess.com
(note D), I propose a net force may be taking
place in the spiral galaxies. If so, such a net force could address the gap of the
cosmological "constant". Then understanding the radiometer
mechanics may have a
A science class as a class project for a science fair could set up a small vacuum chamber to demonstrate the radiometer properties.
March 24, 2015 firstname.lastname@example.org