Composite Force of the Radiometer
I call the radiometer force a composite
force as it includes the deceleration of the rarefied gas molecules in
transferring molecular momentum to give the net acceleration of the radiometer
vanes. After the transfer of molecular momentum the rarefied gas molecules
become a dead weight until re-energized. My testing is in a partial vacuum
of 100 to 300 microns. I use a 60w halogen light focused on various weight
aluminum strips with carbon black on one side. The strips were holed to freely
move on a horizontal rod.
With the weightier strips, after a little
back and forth movement, the strips would bind on the rod. Yet I observed a
0.002 gm, 1 cm strip, holed on one end to hang on the rod, that the strip moved
first with agitation and then energetically around and along the rod.
Though a small mass, I
found the centrifugal motion could have
a directional movement. (Note:
this tending to confirm Cooks' original observations. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crookes_radiometer ,
With limited equipment I do not take the
testing further. As a proposal for additional testing I would use a test
"apparatus" with the "surfaces" fixed
to a light weight rod. The rod suspended with fine wires. This test would
determine if the net force could be directed to propel such a light weight
The forward movement would be limited by
the wire mounting. Yet I feel the confirmation of a forward movement could open
the possibility the application of a net force might cause the acceleration of a
body by using the inertia of a body itself (rather than the earth) as the
A fuller study of the radiometer force
could include the energizing of the gas molecules and the deceleration phase of
the gas molecules to give
the resulting macro vane acceleration. It would explore the implied high
molecular velocities across the vane surfaces. It would explore why there is
little offsetting back force in the net macro vane acceleration.
I feel the radiometer composite net force,
using vane inertia as the base, could be capturing most of the molecular
momentum to reach, in a well balance radiometer, 2000 to 3000 rpm.
In my other paper (Note D) http://accelerativeprocess.com ,
I propose a force with similar properties as the
radiometer force could be taking place in the spiral galaxies.
www.radiometernetforce.com May 20,
2015 firstname.lastname@example.org .