The Composite Force of the
call the radiometer force a composite force as it includes the deceleration of
the rarefied gas molecules in transferring molecular momentum to give the net
acceleration of the radiometer vanes. My testing is in a partial vacuum of
100 to 300 microns. I use a 60w halogen light focused on various weight
aluminum strips with carbon black on one side. The strips were holed to freely
move on a horizontal rod.
the weightier strips, after a little back and forth movement, the strips would
bind on the rod. Yet I observed a light weight, 0.002 gm, 1 cm strip, holed on
one end to hang on the rod, that the strip moved first with agitation and then
energetically around and along the rod. Though a small mass,
I found the centrifugal motion could be made to have directional
limited equipment I do not take the testing further. As a proposal for future
testing I would next use a test "apparatus" with the
"surfaces" fixed to a
light weight rod. The rod suspended at the ends with fine wires. This test
would determine if the net force could be directed to propel such a light weight
forward movement would be limited by the mounting. Yet I feel the confirmation
of a forward movement could open a possibility the application of a net force
might cause the acceleration of a body by using the inertia of a body itself
(rather than the earth) as the "accelerative base". I next
visualize enclosing the "apparatus" with a transparent film, changing
my perspective to a net force acting from within a body.
fuller explanation of the radiometer could require studying the radiometer as an
accelerative process. The study would include the initial energizing of the gas
molecules and the deceleration phase of the
rarefied gas molecules to give the resulting macro vane acceleration.
It would explore the implied high molecular velocities across the vanes. It
would explore why there seems little offsetting back force in the net macro
acceleration. The study would explore the efficiency of the transfer of
molecular momentum to macro vane and harness momentum.
radiometer vane acceleration may represent an acceleration which may have the
properties of earth engines combined with the properties of rocket propulsion.
In rocket propulsion the propellant is the "other momentum". Yet in a
ball bouncing against earth inertia one could recapture "this other
end" of the momentum by changing the direction of the momentum. Except for
frictional loss, the total mass momentum would remain the same.
the radiometer composite force, using vane and harness inertia as the base, be
recapturing this "other end" of the momentum?
This would be as if the transfer of molecular momentum to macro vane
momentum could be more than 50% of the momentum generated applied to the vanes.
my related paper on accelerative processes I propose a net force may be taking
place in the spiral galaxies. If so, such a net force could go "
past" the current dark energy/matter search to address the gap of the
cosmological "constant". Then understanding the radiometer composite
force could have broader application.
(note A) February 6, 2015 firstname.lastname@example.org